One of the most used transformation that I use as part of SSIS is the Foreach loop which *gasp* just isn’t there in Informatica out-of-the-box. In this post, let’s look at how it’s done.
I have three files named StudentsData001.txt, StudentsData002.txt, StudentsData003.txt. In each of the file, there are two columns – Id, Name such as
Id,Name 1,Karthik 2,Pratap
Our goal is to integrate all the data from all the three files into a table Students which has two columns Id and Name.
Steps to be done
Open the PowerCentre Designer. Go to Source and click on Import from file as shown below –
Chose one of file from the source folder and in the next window, ensure to check on ‘Import field names from first line’. –
Accept the defaults and complete the wizard by setting the appropriate size for the ‘Name’ column. Once the source is set-up, we would need to set-up the destination. Go to ‘Tools’->’Target Designer’ and then go to – ‘Targets’ -> ‘Import from Database’ as shown below and connect to the ‘Students’ table where you want all the data to be imported-
Go to ‘Tools’ -> ‘Mapping Designer’ and then go to – ‘Mappings’->’Create’. Drag and drop both the source and destination on to the mapping designer and then connect the source data on to the destination as shown below for ‘Source’ –
Connect both the columns from ‘Source Qualifier’ and connect to ‘Destination’ by dragging and the dropping the columns.
Once it is set, generate the workflow by going to ‘Mappings’ -> ‘Generate Workflow’. Just follow the wizard and click on ‘Next’ till it finishes.
What we have done so far is a basic set-up just like in SSIS when we do the DFT containing the Flat File Source to the OLE-DB Destination (or whichever destination). The actual work of looping is now to be done at the session level. Even before we get to that, what we need to remember is – Informatica has two modes of handling Flat Files – Direct and Indirect Mode. We need to use Indirect Mode to handle the multiple files list.
First thing is we need to create a file containing the list of all the file names in it. I created a file called ImportFileList.txt as shown below –
Open the PowerCentre Workflow. Open the worfklow wf_m_FF_To_Database and then double-click on the session – s_m_FF_To_Database. ‘Edit Tasks’ window would open up as shown below –
Go to Mappings tab and under ‘Sources’ click on the ‘SQ_StudentsData001’. In the bottom most window set the following properties –
- Source filetype – Indirect
- Source file directory – Path of the directory where the InputFileList.txt is present.
- Source filename – ImportFileList.txt
That’s about it. Those are the basic changes that are to be done. Save the workflow after performing the above changes. Also ensure, under Connections tab the , Students – DB Connection connection name is valid.
The next step is to start the workflow by going to – Workflows -> Start Workflow. Once it is successful you would see that all files are processed and the ImportFileLIst.txt is no longer existing, The results post-processing are shown below –
Next Steps –
- How do go about automating this file generation file? Am guessing we would need to have a command task in workflow reading the files and generating the file.
- How does it change from DEV to say UAT i.e. basically how do we localize it?